Oilâ€™s 25 per cent slide since June will play a role in Albertaâ€™s new climate and carbon regulations, Premier Jim Prentice said.
The Canadian province will make a decision by the end of December on whether to raise its levy of C$15 ($13.29) a metric ton for large carbon emitters, while revisions on a broader range of climate policies may come at the same time, Prentice said. The drop in the price of oil, which is probably here to stay for a while, means itâ€™s â€œtime for caution,â€� he said.
â€œYou have to be very careful how you balance the environmental enhancements with the effects on your competitiveness,â€� Prentice said in an interview at Bloombergâ€™s Calgary office on Oct. 31.
Environmental groups and U.S. and European legislators have highlighted the higher carbon intensity of Albertaâ€™s oil sands, the worldâ€™s third largest crude reserves, as a reason for slowing construction of pipelines like TransCanada Corp.â€™s Keystone XL and limiting exports to Europe. Prentice said the province needs to do more on environmental protection and plans to expand partnerships with environmental groups, improve monitoring and the use of technology in the energy industry.
â€œItâ€™s incumbent on Alberta as a major oil supplier to have environmental credentials and to be doing really exceptional work in the environment,â€� he said. â€œWe will have to go the extra mile, for sure.â€�
Alberta will neither lower the C$15-a-ton levy nor eliminate it, Prentice said. Options include increasing the carbon price gradually and continuing to expand the scope of emissions itâ€™s applied to, he said.
West Texas Intermediate, the North American crude benchmark, fell 12 per cent last month and has shed a quarter of its value since touching a $107.30 high this year on June 20, closing at $80.54 a barrel last week. WTI for December delivery fell 58 cents to $79.97 at 9:39 a.m. in New York Monday.
â€œWhat Iâ€™m hearing from people is that the low-price environment that weâ€™re in is not a temporary aberration in the market,â€� Prentice said. â€œWeâ€™re going to be in a lower-price environment for a period of time.â€�
For every dollar that the price of oil declines, annual provincial revenues fall by C$200 million, Prentice said.
Even before the recent decline, companies began to pull back on oilsands investments because of higher costs and transportation bottlenecks, hurting future revenue in a province whose population is expected to expand by a quarter between 2010 and 2020. European oil producers Statoil ASA and Total SA this year said they would halt plans to development some of their oilsands assets.
Prentice said he favors a continental approach to regulation rather than â€œproliferationâ€� of sub-national standards.
â€œThatâ€™s not in the interests of our North American energy system,â€� he said. â€œIf you start to gum that up with a proliferation of sub-national standards in all respects, I donâ€™t think thatâ€™s in the interest of our competitiveness or prosperity.â€�
Developers of Albertaâ€™s oilsands can use trains to reach the worldâ€™s largest refining market on the Gulf Coast if President Barack Obama rules against the Keystone XL pipeline, Prentice said.
The Energy East conduit to Canadaâ€™s Atlantic coast that TransCanada Corp. is also proposing is another option.